The Census Bureau reported a 1.4 Percent Rise in Construction Spending in October from September.

The Econoday consensus only called for a 0.5% rise so let's start there.

It's not housing that drove construction spending up a very sharp 1.4 percent in October but non-residential activity which had been lagging in this report. Spending on private non-residential construction jumped 0.9 percent in the month with strength centered in office construction and transportation construction. Despite the improvement, year-on-year spending on the non-residential side is still negative, at minus 1.3 percent. Public building also had a strong month with educational building up 10.9 percent for a standout year-on-year rate of 14.6 percent. Spending on highways & streets was also strong in October, up 1.1 percent though still down on the year, at minus 8.5 percent.Residential spending has been leading this report but October was moderate, up 0.4 percent overall and held back by a 1.6 percent decline for multi-units. But home improvements were strong in the month, up 1.4 percent for an 8.7 percent yearly rate. Total residential spending is up a year-on-year 7.4 percent with spending on new single-family homes up a very significant 8.9 percent.But new homes aside, overall construction spending is up only 2.9 percent which is a very moderate total that evokes this week's Beige Book where modest-to-moderate still dominated the description of the economy.

Private vs. Public Construction

Image placeholder title

For the month, public construction rose a whopping 3.9% contributing 0.8 percentage points to the overall rise of 1.4%.

Year-over-year (total construction) numbers show the biggest winners are transportation, education, and lodging.The biggest loser is manufacturing.

Private Construction

Image placeholder title

Winners and Losers


Private manufacturing is down 14.3% from a year ago, with total manufacturing down 14.1%.

Multi-family housing construction is on the decline, whereas single-family construction is on the rise.

Demographically-speaking, a rise in new, single-family housing is a favorable trend, presuming it means family formation as opposed to meaning that relocating boomers are building new homes and moving.

One of the key sources of job growth growth over the past decade has been the expansion of commercial real estate (big retailers like Walmart, eating establishments, malls, etc).

Commercial real estate construction is up 6.9% from a year ago, but down 1.9% from September. One month does not constitute a trend, but if this is a turn, job growth going forward will weaken.

Hurricane Impacts

Some of the rise in construction spending is due to hurricane fix-ups and forced relocations.

Therefore, I question the sustainability of some recent numbers and also of some short-term trends through the rest of the 2017.

It's easy to spin the report however one wants, simply by ignoring whichever details do not suit your bias.

I look at the report and see lots of questions.

Mike "Mish" Shedlock

Construction Spending Accelerates

Construction spending rose more than expected in November. Revisions add to the gains.

Construction Spending Flat, Private Construction Negative

Economists expected construction spending to rise. Instead, spending was flat, and only because of government spending.

Construction Spending Shows Serious Signs of Rolling Over

Construction spending rose 0.3% in September vs an Econoday consensus of 0.0%. However, the Census Bureau revised August from a 0.5% gain to a 0.1% gain. Effectively, the September boost was about 0.1% from August as initially reported. Close inspection shows serious signs of weakness.

Construction Spending Dips Slightly in July

Construction spending declined 0.1% in July. With major revisions being the norm, consider it flat.

Construction Spending Declines Third Consecutive Month

Construction spending fell for the third month and fourth in five months. Also, September was revised lower.

Construction Spending Falls Sharply, March Revised Higher: Construction Spending Mysteries

The construction spending reports by the Census Department remain a complete joke. Once again, heavy revisions are in play.

Economists Surprised by Construction Spending Slowdown: Y-O-Y Residential -3.71%

Economists are easily surprised. Today's surprise is in regard to construction spending.

Construction Spending Unexpectedly Declines One Percent

Construction spending took an unexpected dive of 1% today vs. an Econoday expectation of +0.5%.

How Did Covid Impact Construction Spending?

Construction spending parted ways in 2020 with residential spending strongly outperforming commercial.