by Mish

I posted this tweet ahead of the report.

I was higher than any Econoday economist’s estimate, yet they call me a pessimist.

Econoday Comments

First-quarter GDP gets a small but much-needed upgrade, now at a 1.2 percent rate of annualized growth which is nearly double the advance estimate. The gain is centered where it is best, in consumer spending where the rate did double to 0.6 percent. This is still slow but is an improvement with durable goods, at minus 1.4 percent, showing less contraction and services showing greater growth, at 0.8 percent.

Boosted by strong and sudden acceleration in both structures and equipment, nonresidential fixed investment is also upgraded, to 11.4 percent for a 2 percentage point gain. Government purchases are also upgraded, down 1.1 percent for a 6 tenths improvement that pulls less on GDP. Other readings are stable with a slowing build in inventories still a major negative (a negative for GDP but not for the second-quarter outlook).

But the second-quarter outlook, which was once very positive, is mostly in question following a run of weak data for April including this morning’s durable goods report. And the first-quarter is a little less of an easy comparison now for the second quarter where early estimates, once as high as 3 and 4 percent, have been coming down to the 2 percent area.

GDP Second Estimate Revisions

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Gross Domestic Income

Real gross domestic income (GDI) increased 0.9 percent in the first quarter, in contrast to a decrease of 1.4 percent (revised) in the fourth. The average of real GDP and real GDI, a supplemental measure of U.S. economic activity that equally weights GDP and GDI, increased 1.0 percent in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 0.3 percent in the fourth quarter.

Construction Spending

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On May 1, I commented on Weather-Related Effects on Construction Spending. Here is a snip I posted.

March Revisions vs February

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Revision Synopsis
December: Unrevised at 1,188,941 Hooray!
January: Revised from 1,183,840 to 1,198,779
February: Revised from 1,192,822 to 1,220,735The January revision from -0.4 to +1.3 was even larger than the positive revision in February.
If we just compare February as reported in February to February as reported in March, the percentage increase is 2.3%, not reported 1.8% as the revisions build on each other.

Weather Effect?
This was a strong report and even stronger than it looks at the first glance.  However, I caution everyone to not read too much into this strength.
December was unusually cold. January was unusually warm as was February. Seasonal adjustments do not factor in weather.

First Quarter Comments

I was quite confident that first quarter GDP was stronger than reported because of construction spending. I was also quite confident it would cause models for second quarter to go haywire.

Indeed, that is exactly what happened. The GDPNow model for second quarter jumped all the way to 4.2%, an extremely unrealistic estimate prompting my usual comment “I will take the under, way under.”

Curiously, it appears not a single economist factored in the massive upward revisions to construction spending in their second estimate for first-quarter GDP.

Second Quarter Reality

  1. Wholesale Inventories: Down 0.3% in April. March revised lower from 0.2% to 0.1%.
  2. Retail Inventories: Down 0.3% in April. March revised lower from 0.5% to 0.3%.
  3. Trade deficit in April widens by 3.8% with exports down and imports up: Trade Deficit Widens, Exports Weak: Economists Miss the Mark
  4. Tax Receipts: Federal Tax Receipts Running Below Expectations
  5. April New Home Sales: New Home Sales Contract 11.4%: Sales Barely Up Year-Over-Year
  6. April Existing Home Sales: New Home Sales Contract 11.4%: Sales Barely Up Year-Over-Year
  7. April Existing Home Sales: Spring Housing Flop: Existing Home Sales Decline 2.3 Percent, Inventory Issues Persist
  8. April Housing Starts: About that Strong April Recovery: Housing Starts and Permits Flop, March Revised Lower
  9. April Empire State Manufacturing Survey: Empire State Manufacturing Survey Turns Negative: Welcome News?
  10. April Retail Sales: Sales were at least positive (+0.4%), but they were well under economists projections: Retail Sales Disappoint Again: Department Stores Clobbered in 2017

Mike “Mish” Shedlock

First Estimate of Second-Quarter GDP at 2.1% Topping Consensus

Real GDP at 2.1% topped the consensus estimate of 1.9%, the GDPNow forecast of 1.3, and Nowcast at 1.5% (revised today).

GDP at 3.1 Percent as Consensus Expected

Despite downward construction and spending revisions last month, the BEA reported second-quarter GDP came in at the consensus estimate of 3.1 percent.

Third-Quarter GDP Hits Consensus 3.3% Estimate

The BEA reported the second estimate of third-quarter GDP was 3.3%. The report matched the Econoday consensus.

Third Estimate of 4th Quarter GDP is 2.1%

Given that GDP is one of the most revised measures, the BEA renamed “final” to “third”. The third estimate is 2.1% just a tick over the Econoday consensus estimate of 2.0%.

1st Quarter GDP Estimates: ZeroHedge, Mish, GDPNow, Nowcast, ISM, Markit

On Friday, April 28, the BEA will release its preliminary estimate for first quarter GDP.

Mish Preliminary Estimate for Second Quarter GDP: 0.1% to 1.1%

I seriously fail to understand the GDPNow model in light of actual hard data.

New Measures of “Satisfactory”: First Quarter GDP Revised Up to a “Satisfactory” 1.4%

In the third and final estimate of first quarter GDP, the BEA upped its assessment of GDP from 1.2% to 1.4%. The Econoday consensus expected no change.

2nd Quarter GDP Final Estimate Tomorrow: Up or Down from Prior?

The BEA’s third (final) estimate of second-quarter GDP is due Thursday. The Econoday consensus is the BEA will up the reading to 3.1% from 3.0%.

First-Quarter Real GDP 0.7%; Spending Slowest Since 2009: Nowcast Model Needs Serious Work

First quarter real GDP came in at 0.7% vs an Econoday consensus estimate of 1.1%. Consumer spending was the weakest since the 4th quarter of 2009.