French President Emmanuel Macron wants to reform pensions. In response, unions staged a massive strike.
If you depend on trains or busses, forget about it.
A year ago Macron imposed a a gas tax to help save the environment. That led to "yellow vest" protests and riots that lasted months.
This strike? Who knows?
No Trains and No Compromise
The Guardian reports No Trains and No Compromise as France Faces a Winter of Discontent.
Transport chaos continued this weekend and unions have called for another day of industrial action on Tuesday, putting further pressure on the government. As hardline union leaders vowed to continue striking indefinitely, there were warnings that the country was entering a dangerous period.
Caroline Janvier, who entered parliament as one of Macron’s La République en Marche “citizen” MPs in the 2017 general election, denied the government was panicked but admitted it was “a moment of apprehension for everyone”. “Everyone in the country is still traumatised by the gilets jaunes (yellow vest protesters) and concerned the violence will start again,” she said. “Nobody wants a repeat of that.”
In the town of Joigny – 93 miles (150km) south-east of Paris in Yonne, the heart of the outer commuter belt around the French capital known as la France péripherique – the local railway station, like many in rural France, was deserted last Thursday. Notices announced that no trains would be stopping there.
In nearby villages, school buses continued their rounds, carrying only a handful of pupils to classes not cancelled by striking teachers, as thick fog descended over icy fields.
Transportation Grinds to a Halt
As transportation grinds to a halt, Macron Vow to Proceed with Reforms.
Four days after at least 800,000 people took part in one of the biggest demonstrations of trade union strength in a decade on Thursday, transport remained virtually at a halt over the weekend as the president, Emmanuel Macron, held talks with ministers at the Elysée Palace on how to diffuse growing tension.
The pro-business president, who has promised to deliver the biggest transformation of the French social model and welfare system since the postwar era, sees his pension reforms as a key test. He has staked his political credibility on refusing to buckle in the face of street protests, accusing previous presidents of lacking the bravery to stand strong. With Macron potentially aiming to run for a second term in the 2022 presidential election, backing down would be to risk losing his support base.
The prime minister, Édouard Philippe, has been pushed to the front to insist the pension reform will go ahead, but after months of gilets jaunes anti-government protests earlier this year, the executive knows that to calm tensions, it must be seen to consult and negotiate rather than force things through in a top-down way.
“The reform we’re putting into place is fair,” the economy minister, Bruno Le Maire, added on Sunday, saying people must work longer to keep the pensions system afloat.
An Ifop poll on Sunday showed 53% of French people supported the strike. Polls earlier this month showed that a majority of French people support pension change but do not trust Macron to do it fairly.
The three main rail unions are calling for strikes to continue this week, with services already virtually at a standstill. In the Paris region, rail operators warned of potentially dangerous overcrowding on the very few trains that would be running.
Emergency Sunday Meeting
The strikes started Thursday. Just one in six trains are running.
France24 reports Macron Meets Key Ministers for Talks on Contentious Pension Reform.
French President Emmanuel Macron will on Sunday meet ministers involved in his radical pension reform which has prompted a nationwide strike and brought key transport services to a standstill.
The strikes, which began on Thursday over the plans for a single points-based pension scheme, recall the winter of 1995, when three weeks of huge stoppages forced a social policy U-turn by the then-government.
Prime Minister Edouard Philippe insisted his government would not abandon the plan.
"If we do not make a far-reaching, serious and progressive reform today, someone else will make a really brutal one tomorrow," Philippe was quoted as saying by Le Journal du Dimanche.
25 Years Later
The battle still rages.
Pension System is Broken
The pension system is broken. Whatever reforms Macron proposes, even if he gets them, won't fix the problem.
The pension system is broke in the US as well, but president Ronald Reagan showed us the way to deal with strikes.
PATCO vs Reagan
On August 3, 1981, 13,000 air traffic controllers walked out after talks with the Federal Aviation Administration collapsed.
On August 5, President Ronald Reagan Fired all the Striking Workers.
Those who did not return to work lost their accrued pensions and were ineligible for rehiring.
In October 1981, the Federal Labor Relations Authority decertified PATCO.
Job Well Done, Almost
That was a job well done, almost.
Reagan should have ended collective bargaining of all public employees.
Instead, we still have militant teachers' unions, police unions, and fire unions holding citizens hostage.
France Compared to US
Pension plans across the US are in dire straits because in the US, like France city and states are in bed with unions.
There are a couple of differences.
- Grievances in the US are at the city level, not the national level.
- Union protests tend not to be as messy or violent.
In France, farmers routinely dump "merde" in the street in protest. In the US, such an action would land a person in jail.
Root of the Problem
The basic problem is public unions and public servants are totally incompatible.
Please consider a few key snips from FDR's Letter on the Resolution of Federation of Federal Employees Against Strikes in Federal Service, August 16, 1937, emphasis mine.
All Government employees should realize that the process of collective bargaining, as usually understood, cannot be transplanted into the public service. It has its distinct and insurmountable limitations when applied to public personnel management. The very nature and purposes of Government make it impossible for administrative officials to represent fully or to bind the employer in mutual discussions with Government employee organizations.
Particularly, I want to emphasize my conviction that militant tactics have no place in the functions of any organization of Government employees. Upon employees in the Federal service rests the obligation to serve the whole people, whose interests and welfare require orderliness and continuity in the conduct of Government activities. This obligation is paramount. Since their own services have to do with the functioning of the Government, a strike of public employees manifests nothing less than an intent on their part to prevent or obstruct the operations of Government until their demands are satisfied. Such action, looking toward the paralysis of Government by those who have sworn to support it, is unthinkable and intolerable. It is, therefore, with a feeling of gratification that I have noted in the constitution of the National Federation of Federal Employees the provision that "under no circumstances shall this Federation engage in or support strikes against the United States Government."
Teachers' Unions demand money "for the kids". School boards are padded with teachers demanding more money "for the kids".
Unions can and have shut down schools. The unions do not give a damn about the kids.
Notice I said "unions" do not give a damn. Many, if not most, teachers do care for the kids, but the union does not. The unions can, and do, protect teachers guilty of abusing kids. It is nearly impossible to get rid of a bad tenured teacher or a bad cop.
Unions also threaten to shut down mass transportation.
None of this is in the public interest.
- National right-to-work laws
- Abolishment of all prevailing wage laws
- Ending public unions ability to strike
- Ending collective bargaining by public unions
Points one and two need to both be in place before either is completely effective.
Consider Illinois' prevailing wage laws: Prevailing wages are union wages. Municipalities and businesses have to pay prevailing wages. If they do not hire union workers, they get picketed.
Why bother hiring non-union workers if you have to pay union wages in the first place? As a direct result, municipalities and businesses must overpay for services in Illinois. National right-to-work laws alone cannot fix Illinois.
Supreme Court Ruling, Thanks to Trump
On June 27, 2018, the US Supreme Court, in Janus vs AFSCME, made one of its best rulings ever.
The court ruled in favor of Mark Janus who was forced into paying union dues against his will.
The case would have been decided in 2016 but unexpectedly and unfortunately Justice Scalia died while vacationing at a Texas ranch. The eight remaining justices voted 4-4 which allowed the current law to stand.
Trump placed Neil Gorsuch on the court. And Gorsuch was the deciding vote. So if you think Trump has not done anything right, please think again.
Opt-In, Not Opt-Out
The unions had this coming big time.
They forced people into paying union dues, made political contributions people did not like, then made it damn near impossible to opt out.
Janus changed all that.
The ruling not only ended agency fees for public employees, but it required, for the first time, that union membership for new public employees be “opt-in” rather than opt-out.
Unions in California defy the ruling. They still forcibly collect union dues.
Some teachers and other public employees are complaining their unions are wrongly continuing to collect union dues — despite a U.S. Supreme Court decision last June that said public workers are no longer required to pay fees to the unions representing them.
“Members can drop out (of the union) at any time. But, like a gym membership, they still signed a contract to maintain paying dues,” said Laura Juran, the CTA’s chief counsel. “I am confident we will prevail.”
Even before the conservative Supreme Court’s Janus decision, the CTA and other unions in California adopted a strategy to mute the expected decision’s impact. They created a new membership form to enroll new and current members in annual, renewable dues arrangements. The contract commits members to full-year dues and automatically re-ups membership unless a worker signs a letter opting out within 30 days of the anniversary date of signing. Other unions in California and nationwide, like the Service Employees International Union and the American Federation of Teachers locals representing college instructors, allow only a 15-day opt-out; some unions tie the continued payment of dues to bargaining agreements covering two or more years. The National Education Association alone faces four-dozen Janus-related lawsuits nationwide, Juran said.
Only One Solution
There is only one way to fix this problem for good: Abolishment of all public unions and all prevailing wage laws.
Ironically, it's one of the few things that FDR got right.
Proud Union Hater
Mike "Mish" Shedlock