Productivity vs Output Disaster

Inquiring minds are diving into the BLS Productivity and Costs Report for the Second Quarter of 2020.

BLS Charts on Productivity

BLS Prtoductivity Charts 2020 Q2

Productivity Good News  and Horrible News

  • Good News: The BLS notes that the 10.1-percent increase in nonfarm business sector labor productivity in the second quarter of 2020 is the largest quarterly increase since the first quarter of 1971, when output per hour increased 12.3 percent.
  • Horrible News: Output decreased 37.1 percent and hours worked decreased 42.9 percent

Hours worked decreased more than output so productivity rose.


Unit Labor Costs  

  • Unit labor costs in the nonfarm business sector increased at an annual rate of 9.0 percent in the second quarter of 2020, as a 20.0-percent increase in hourly compensation outpaced the 10.1-percent increase in productivity. Unit labor costs increased 9.6 percent in the first quarter of 2020, and 4.9 percent over the last four quarters.
  • The 20.0-percent increase in hourly compensation in the second quarter of 2020 was the largest increase in the series which begins in 1947. Also, the labor share—defined as the percentage of current-dollar output that accrues to workers in the form of compensation—increased to 59.8 percent in the second quarter of 2020, the highest level since the fourth quarter of 2008 (60.1 percent). 


This sort of sounds like good news (assuming you are not an employer) until you understand what it means. 

Compensation reflects higher-paid employees working from home while lower-paid employees did not work many, if any hours.

Manufacturing Disaster

Manufacturing Productivity Disaster 2020 Q2

In contrast to overall productivity up 10.1% manufacturing productivity dropped 14.6 percent annual rate in the second quarter of 2020, as output fell 47.0 percent and hours worked dropped 38.0 percent. 

These were the largest quarterly declines in each of these series, which begin with data for 1987.

Long Term Productivity vs Output

Real Output per Hour vs Real Output 2020-Q 2 Long Term2

Those charts put a much needed perspective on this alleged jump in productivity.


Weak Productivity and Tame Unit Labor Costs

Labor costs and productivity were both weaker than expected.

Productivity Up 0.4%, Well Under Expectations of 0.7%, Labor Costs Up 2.9%

First-quarter US productivity was a disappointing 0.4%. Manufacturing productivity declined 1.2%. Wages rose 2.9%.

Productivity Tale of Two Sectors: Overall Productivity +3.0%, Manufacturing Productivity -5.0%

Productivity jumped 3.0% in the third quarter with unit labor costs up only 0.5%. In manufacturing, productivity decreased 5.0 percent and unit labor costs increased 6.2 percent.

Labor Productivity Dives as Unit Labor Costs Soar

Worker productivity unexpectedly took a steep dive. As a result, production costs soared.

Productivity Up 2.9% - Real Hourly Earnings Down: Thank You Fed!

Productivity for the second quarter rose 2.9%. Year-over-year inflation-adjusted hourly earnings are down.

What are the Real Reasons for Declining Productivity?

Economists debate whether the decline in productivity is real. It is real. let's investigate 10 reasons why.

Industrial Production Increased 0.3% in September, Minimal Impact from Florence

Industrial Production Increased 0.3% in September. Hurricane Florence had an estimated effect of less than 0.1%.

Unemployment Claims Have the Largest Increase Since March 2020

Initial Claims Jumped by 181,000. That's the largest increase since the massive surge of 3.6 million on March 28, 2020.

Productivity Measurement is Totally “FUBAR” Yet Certainly Overstated

The BLS report on preliminary Productivity and Costs, Second Quarter 2017 shows nonfarm business productivity increased 0.9 percent during the second quarter of 2017.