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Michigan GOP Investigation Concludes No Significant Fraud, Trump Lost

Trump lost the Michigan election handily according to a Republican-led investigation by a state senator.
Author:
Jurisdictions Reporting More Than 100% Voter Turnout

The vote was 2,804,040 for Biden and 2,649,852 for Trump. 

My opinion doesn't matter but a Michigan GOP detailed investigation should matter. 

Michigan Senate Oversight Committee

Please consider the the Michigan Senate Oversight Committee's Report on the November 2020 Michigan Election.

Snips From Executive Summary (Emphasis Mine)

Without question, the increased political polarization of our nation has resulted in increasing public discontentment with the administration, and therefore results, of our elections. This discontent, which has been demonstrated on both sides of the aisle (see: Bush v. Gore 2000 and allegations of Russian interference in the 2016 election) culminated in public outcry of widespread fraud in 2020.

Indeed, a recent Gallup Survey found as much as 59% of voters no longer trust our elections. Voting and the right to vote is absolutely foundational to our democracy. Without faith in our elections process, fewer members of the public will likely choose to exercise that right. Lowered confidence in our election system, and thereby lower turnout, is a threat to our democracy we should not take lightly. 

This Committee undertook the foundational work of investigating the 2020 election — from both the perspective of election administrators, officials and workers and the perspective of the observing public. The Committee embarked upon hours of public testimony, the review of countless documents and presentations on the 2020 election, and careful review of the elections process itself.

This Committee found no evidence of widespread or systematic fraud in Michigan’s prosecution of the 2020 election. However, we cannot and should not overlook severe weaknesses in our elections system. Whether it is lack of clarity in the tabulation of ballots, unnecessary barriers to ensuring that every lawfully cast ballot is counted, inconsistent poll worker or challenger training, or simply a system not primarily designed to handle ballots cast absentee or otherwise prior to Election Day, it is the opinion of this Committee that the Legislature has a duty to make statutory improvements to our elections system.  

Snips From the Chair, Senator Edward McBroom

 When I agreed to begin investigating the election, rumors and uncertainty were rampant. Allegations of markers bleeding through ballots, voter intimidation, dead voters, mystery ballot dumps, foreign interference, and ballot harvesting were just a few of the issues during the first days following the November 2020 election. Emotions and confusion were running wild across the country. 

Digging into the mechanics of the election was labor intensive, but very revealing. We found both real vulnerabilities and resiliency to the systems. We also discovered the extent to which our elections officials go to facilitate our elections. 

We must all remember: “extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof” and “claiming to find something extraordinary requires first eliminating the ordinary.” Also, sources must lose credibility when it is shown they promote falsehoods, even more when they never take accountability for those falsehoods. 

While the Committee was unable to exhaust every possibility, we were able to delve thoroughly into enough to reasonably reach this conclusion. The strongest conclusion comes in regard to Antrim County. All compelling theories that sprang forth from the rumors surrounding Antrim County are diminished so significantly as for it to be a complete waste of time to consider them further

Issues and Allegations

  1. Deceased and Non-Residents Voting 
  2. Unsolicited Absentee Voter Ballot and Application Mass Mailings 
  3. 3rd Party/Private Funds Used for Public Election Activities and Equipment 
  4. Rights and Duties of Poll Challengers/Watchers Improperly and Unlawfully Restricted 
  5. Antrim County Results 
  6. Operating Issues with Tabulators and Precinct Computers 
  7. Signature Verification Process 
  8. Jurisdictions Reporting More Than 100% Voter Turnout 
  9. Absentee Ballots Tabulated Multiple Times 
  10. Thousands of Ballots “Dumped” at the TCF Center on Election Night/The Next Morning 
  11. Vote Totals Abnormal Compared to Past Presidential Election and Other Vote Count Irregularities 
  12. Additional Issues 
  13. Audits  

1: Deceased and Non-Residents Voting 

  • There were two claims of deceased individuals casting votes that were found to be true; one was a clerical error while the other was a timing issue. 
  • The Committee was provided a list of over 200 individuals in Wayne County who were believed to be deceased yet had cast a ballot. A thorough review of individuals on that list showed only two instances where an individual appeared to have voted but was deceased. The first individual was a 118-year-old man whose son has the same name and lives at the same residence. The Committee found there was no fraud in this instance but was instead a clerical error made due to the identical name. The second individual was a 92-year-old woman who died four days before the November 2020 election. Research showed she had submitted her completed absentee ballot prior to the November 2020 election and prior to her death.

2: Unsolicited Absentee Voter Ballot and Application Mass Mailings

During the review of these communications, the Committee was simultaneously researching claims made in testimony and in court filings related to the absentee ballot process. Many court filings and individuals highlighted a data spreadsheet by an individual who claimed to have worked with “experts” to determine whether individuals had received an unsolicited absentee ballot. The spreadsheet indicated that “289,866 illegal votes” had been cast. This figure came from the Voter Integrity Project. To arrive at this number, the group used a methodology where they called 1,500 voters and asked if they had received a ballot without requesting it, something that would be illegal although not specifically indicative of fraudulent voting. The number of affirmative answers were then extrapolated out to 289,866 voters statewide receiving these ballots which are defined as “illegal ballots.” 

The Committee called forty individuals from this list at random. Only two individuals reported having received an absentee ballot without making a proper request. One of the two individuals is labeled as a permanent, absentee voter within the state’s QVF file, indicating that they had, at some point, requested to be placed on that list. The other individual voted via an absentee ballot in the August primary election, and it is possible they checked the box to vote absentee in the subsequent election and simply forgot they had chosen this option.

Further inquiry conducted by the chair and committee members with county and local clerks confirmed how difficult it would be for a citizen to attempt to fraudulently utilize the ballot of another, if the stolen application addressee voted at their actual, present location in Michigan. While the act of obtaining and submitting the ballot of another individual is not impossible, committing voter fraud in this manner undetected is unlikely, as the Qualified Voter File would immediately have a notation of the vote for the voter and the second attempt to request a ballot or to vote would not be allowed without investigation and explanation. 

The Committee concludes this demonstrates a clear vulnerability for fraud that may be undetected, if the actual voter does not vote at all. If the actual voter does vote, it will create turmoil and draw attention from state and local officials. However, the lack of any such incidents or turmoil in the November 2020 election creates a clear probability that no such efforts were committed to any significant extent. The chance of encountering the attempted double vote scenario is so statistically unlikely as to make impossible even a small effort to do so.

3: 3rd Party/Private Funds Used for Public Election Activities and Equipment

 A summary of the work and findings on this issue is not finalized at this time and may be amended to this report at a later date.

4: Rights and Duties of Poll Challengers/Watchers Improperly or Unlawfully Restricted

The Committee received claims that challengers from the Republican party were discriminated against and removed from polling locations without cause. There were also claims that challengers were not allowed to return to counting rooms and were supposed to sign in and out of the room but had not received that instruction. They were frequently required to stand six feet or more away from tables and workers in the normal exercise of their duties, despite a court settlement that ensured their right to monitor election procedures, within six feet when necessary.

Contributing to the confusion and hostility of poll watchers and challengers was the differing opinions regarding the actual rights and duties of those individuals. These conflicts were only amplified by the partisan and ideological nature of the volunteers, despite some not affiliating with a political party. 

Those actions by both sides were not always lawful or wise, and increased the angst and fears of the untrained challengers and observers, as well as the many in the public who did not understand what was shown to them by the media. Despite these mistakes and, potentially, illegal actions, the Committee found no evidence fraudulent activities were undertaken or that such actions led to irreparable harm to ballots or vote counting. Numerous safeguards, particularly the partisan make up of the election boards themselves, were not lost, despite these actions. [emphasis by the committee]

  5: Antrim County  

Antrim County became the focal point of multiple theories and concerns surrounding the Nov. 3 election, as the unofficial results reported at the end of the tabulation for the county were later discovered to be in error. The common claim surrounding this mistake was that the votes for Donald Trump were switched with votes for Joe Biden, providing Biden with a win in heavily-Republican Antrim County. However, this claim is inaccurate and was explained before a joint hearing of the Senate and House Oversight Committees in November 2020 by the Antrim County Clerk, Sheryl Guy.

Due to a series of errors made within the county clerk’s office, the unofficial votes received from polling places on election night did not transfer into their respective spreadsheet columns correctly. This shifted the vote totals over a column for several races across the ballot. These mistakes began months earlier when several late items were ordered onto the ballot in certain townships. Unfortunately, new logic and accuracy tests were not performed, as required by law. 

Multiple checks were easily able to rectify the situation and later, a complete hand recount validated the original, official results as accurate. [emphasis by the committee]

Further, the Committee is appalled at what can only be deduced as a willful ignorance or avoidance of this proof perpetuated by some leading such speculation. [emphasis by the committee]

There were many groups and persons from around the country that focused their attention on Antrim County as the most central point in their arguments and speculation. The county was mentioned by officials at the White House, in media, at rallies, and in several, substantial online documentaries. The Committee investigated the claims made by some of the more prominent groups and individuals.

[The report blasted allegations regarding Election Management System (EMS), Dominion, a video by Attorney Matthew DePerno,  Allied Security Operations Group (ASOG) purveyors of the “fractional vote” and “more votes than registered voters”, as well as work by Dr. Douglas Frank, Jeff Lenberg, and Dr. Shiva. It labeled such pronouncements as "blatherskite" (emphasis mine).]

The Committee finds such actions [and claims by the above named parties] to be misleading and irresponsible, diminishing the overall credibility of those asserting this conclusion. [emphasis by the committee]

6: Operating Issues with Tabulators and Precinct Computers

Dominion Voting Systems, Election Systems & Software (ES&S), Hart InterCivic  Michigan utilizes tabulators and election services provided through three different vendors, with the individual counties determining which vendor to use. All vendors must meet the specifications of the state’s election laws which requires vendors to meet guidelines provided by the United States Election Assistance Commission (EAC). The EAC has rigorous standards regarding construction, material and code sourcing, reviews, and independent auditing conducted by certified third parties. 

Fractional Voting

The early allegation of fractional voting was supported by a few photographs which appeared to be screen shots from computer screens running the Dominion software. The chair specifically called for this information during public testimony as its existence would have been a profound demonstration of proof. However, despite numerous, repeated requests from the chair and assurances from those making the allegation, no proof, whether by demonstration or verifiable citation, was ever offered to or obtained by the Committee.

Internet Connections

Many observers insisted the vote tabulators at the TCF Center were connected to the internet. Chris Thomas, who served as the senior elections advisor for the city of Detroit, has asserted that this is simply not true. Other individuals who were at the TCF Center, such as former state Sen. Patrick Colbeck, insist that they were. It is true that every tabulator was connected to a local area network (LAN), which would create the same icon on a computer screen indicating a network connection as is shown by an internet accessible network. This may be a source of some of the confusion. Computers at the central control center, which were not connected to each precinct’s LAN, were connected to a network that was connected to the internet, which may have also contributed to the confusion. Regardless, no evidence has been offered that the tabulators were connected beyond each LAN, and, in fact, the results from the tabulators at the TCF Center were transmitted to the clerk’s office via flash drives, not electronic or cellular connection

Furthermore, and more importantly, there has been no evidence provided that such a purported connection led to alterations to machine programming, hardware, or the tabulated results or could have led to such changes. Finally, logic and accuracy tests are conducted on each tabulator prior to the election to confirm that pre-election procedures were followed properly. During the postelection audits, clerks verify that those tests were performed and that the machines and their programming were not tampered with during the election.

It is particularly important to note that Dominion voting machines that are not part of an absentee voter counting board do not have built in modems or wireless internet. Reports to the contrary are false, with some falsely labeling non-Dominion machines as Dominion machines to make it appear as if they do have wireless internet capabilities. [Emphasis Mine]

The secure cellular modems some clerks use to transmit the unofficial results to the county clerk are not even turned on or connected to the tabulators until after the official results are printed by the individual machine.

Many of the theories surrounding cyber attacks were consolidated into the visuals and narratives included in the “Absolute Proof” video series first presented in January 2021 and continuing into June 2021 by Mike Lindell (the video relied heavily on the situation in Antrim County and the report from ASOG). In summary, Mr. Lindell claims that attacks by foreign and domestic enemies were successful in obtaining access to the computers containing results at local and county clerks’ offices, as well as the secretary of state. In some cases, the supposed access included the actual tabulators.

However, this narrative is ignorant of multiple levels of the actual election process. Upon completion of the election, tabulators print the final results on paper. Clerks then connect a modem and transmit by secure, cellular connection or transfer by flash drive the unofficial results to the county clerk. County clerks then report these unofficial results both locally and to the secretary of state. The secretary of state releases the unofficial results to media and their own page. [Emphasis Mine]

7: Signature Verification Process

The Committee was made aware of claims that election workers at the TCF Center in downtown Detroit were instructed to not match signatures on envelopes and furthermore were instructed to “pre-date” the received date of absentee ballots. To the contrary, these processing steps — signature matching and verification of the date received — occurred at another location and were completed by other employees prior to the time the ballots were sent to the TCF Center for counting. 

As for the “pre-dating” allegation, Detroit Senior Election Advisor Chris Thomas explained this date field is necessary for processing the ballot. Without the voter present, there is no way to have that date, which was recorded into the QVF by the official who took the same day registration at another location. Since the poll books at the AVCB are not connected to the QVF during Election Day, there is no way to check what was entered at the site where the voter registered. Therefore, a “placeholder” date is entered, and the poll worker assumes the official accepting the registration did their due diligence.

The Committee recommends that the secretary of state begin the process of establishing actual rules for examining and validating signatures consistent with a ruling of the Michigan Court of Claims. The Committee also recommends that statewide measures be put in place to ensure eligible voters are not unreasonably denied access to vote if there is an issue with their signature. Finally, the Committee recommends that reasonable measures be put in place to ensure voters can easily and properly identify themselves when exercising their right to vote. [emphasis by the committee]

8: Jurisdictions Reporting More Than 100% Voter Turnout [Lead Chart]

The Committee received and heard claims that jurisdictions had more than 100% of registered voters voting. [The lead chart shows just how wild those claims were]

9: Absentee Ballots Were Tabulated Multiple Times, Increasing Vote Total

Some individuals claimed that many ballots were counted multiple times when they were resubmitted through the high-speed tabulation machines. The Committee heard from several persons and read many affidavits claiming to have first-hand knowledge that this issue occurred. Investigation does show it is possible to cycle a completed stack through the tabulator multiple times as long as no errors occur. Bundles of ballots go through the tabulator so quickly that a simple jam or other error necessitates the entire bundle being restarted. Workers cannot restart the stack unless they first clear the partial count and start from zero by pressing a button. [Emphasis Mine]

If ballots were counted multiple times, this would have created a significant disparity in the official pollbook. This was the testimony of several witnesses, including Chris Thomas and Monica Palmer, Republican chair of the Wayne County Board of Canvassers. Specifically, the pollbook would show that many more votes were cast than the number of people obtaining a ballot. This was the case at several counting boards at the completion of the original tabulation. However, the actual imbalances that remained after the canvass show this problem was rectified. 

Rectifying precincts where this mistake happened is usually not difficult to do and involves taking the ballots out of the box, counting the total number to see if it matches the poll book, and processing all the ballots through the tabulator again. The balanced poll books and the remaining imbalances do not indicate this problem any more, showing it was corrected. Remaining imbalances are likely connected to some of the other reasons addressed in finding number six, namely, empty envelopes, ruined ballots, etc.

The Committee recommends that tabulator companies develop machines that place tabulated ballots into a box that has no access for poll workers while placing uncounted ballots in another tray to be checked and placed in the tabulator when ready. This would assure such an error cannot occur and that no reset and restarting of a full stack is necessary. [Emphasis Committee]

10: Thousands of Ballots Were “Dumped” at the TCF Center on Election Night/The Next Morning 

Several individuals testified and claimed that tens of thousands of ballots were “dumped” at the TCF Center on election night, when reported vote tallies showed that President Trump was still in the lead. They allege this occurred between 3 – 5 a.m. and that they were brought onto the floor to be counted. Chris Thomas, the senior elections advisor for the city of Detroit, stated he estimated 16,000 ballots were delivered to the TFC Center around that time. Some other persons and media speculated it was nearly 100,000, but most reported about 30,000-45,000. These ballots were submitted throughout Election Day at different locations, such as drop boxes, in the mail, and at the clerk’s main and satellite offices. After the ballots were compiled and processed at the clerk’s office, after the closing of polls at 8 p.m., they were brought to the TFC Center for counting. These ballots were not brought in a wagon as alleged, but via delivery truck and then placed on carts. A widely circulated picture in media and online reports allegedly showed ballots secretly being delivered late at night but, in reality, it was a photo of a WXYZ-TV photographer hauling his equipment. [Emphasis Mine]

This theory, like many of the other theories proposed as evidence of fraud, does not constitute actual evidence on its own. Those drawing such conclusions in their affidavits and testimony were asked to provide proof that something illegal actually occurred but no proof that ballots were fraudulent was provided or found by the Committee in testimony or in subpoenaed records. [Emphasis Committee]

The Committee recommends that drop boxes not be utilized or be closed earlier than 8 p.m. on Election Day so that the time taken to collect such ballots will not, by necessity, extend processing and tabulating of such a large volume so long into the night. [Emphasis Committee]

11: Vote Totals Were Abnormal Compared to Past Presidential Elections and Other Vote Count Irregularities

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Several claims were made regarding the voter turnout in the November 2020 election in which the statistical data was cited as a source to show widespread election impropriety. Comparing historical results casts serious doubt over any claims of widespread impropriety in the Michigan 2020 election. 

In fact, turnout in 2020 increased less in Wayne county (11.4%) than in the rest of the state (15.4%) and President Trump won a greater percentage of votes there than he did in2016 (30.27% vs 29.3%). [Emphasis Mine] 

Additionally, the data suggests that there was no anomalous number of votes cast solely for the President, either in Wayne County or statewide.

Several published reports, particularly “Case for Michigan Decertification” presented charts of vote sub-totals and totals that were adjusted during the night and sometimes subtract votesfrom previous totals. The report also shows the increase in absentee votes tabulated was greater than the usual amount able to be processed in the given time frame. These reports require partial or incremental vote counts and totals.

The reports containing these impossible mathematical counts rely on partial or incremental vote counts which are not available from any county or state official. Detroit does set up its own, unofficial vote reporting site. Incremental vote counts are reported during the process at the TCF Center.

Allowing Detroit to announce partial or incremental vote counts when no other community does, does not promote a uniform, statewide system. Further, not aligning each AVCB with each precinct creates an additional, complexity leading to an unnecessary vulnerability for errors in the unofficial, election night vote reports. [Emphasis Committee]

Large spikes in the vote count are not necessarily unexplainable or unusual. They do not alone constitute evidence of fraud and can be reasonably expected. [Emphasis Mine]

Regardless, the Committee can only speculate on this because the author of the referenced report cannot provide sources that the Committee can pursue. [Emphasis Committee]

  12: Additional Issues  

Ballot Box Construction

Testimony was heard from Monica Palmer regarding the roll of boards of canvassers in verifying the construction of ballot boxes. Her board made significant efforts to require repairing or replacing poorly constructed boxes. This effort is commendable and ought to be extended to the construction of drop boxes, as well. Testimony was also shared that boxes disallowed by the Wayne County Board of Canvassers and labeled to not be used were still being used on Election Day. This is not acceptable, and the Committee asks the secretary of state or the attorney general to investigate who is responsible for this serious breach.

Modem Usage on Tabulators

Testimony was given regarding the wisdom and necessity of modems for vote tabulators. There was not consensus amongst the clerks and the Committee makes no recommendation at this time. However, the external, detachable modem does provide a reassuring and genuine physical barrier to cyber attacks during the voting process.

Allegations of Illegal Votes

 Testimony and reports of illegal votes, out of state votes, non-residents voting, and deceased voters are prolific, and the numbers included are substantial and compelling. However, no source or reliable method for determining these numbers is presented. References to “317 voters also voting in other states” do not come with explanation or source. [Emphasis Mine]

Many of the reports and allegations of illegal votes or fraudulent votes conflate issues of illegal or improper process with fraud or illegal votes. Not only would this disenfranchise thousands of legitimate voters by no fault of their own, but it demonstrates a significant leap of logic and an unjustified mistrust of the bipartisan poll workers themselves. [Emphasis Mine]

Confusing Terminology

Many of the allegations simply utilize semantics and the confusing, technical nature of elections to drive up doubt. Claims such as “fake birthdays,” “unsupervised ballot duplication,” “system manuals explicitly refer to internet and ethernet connectivity,” and “unsecured and illegal ballot boxes” are just a sampling of the terminologies usedHowever, each of these has legitimate explanation. [Emphasis Mine]

The birthday issue is explained elsewhere in this report and involves same day registrations on Election Day. “Unsupervised ballot duplication” is referring to times challengers were unable to watch or were prevented from watching (which were not legal actions) but is misleading because the bipartisan election inspectors/workers were still watching and verifying each other’s work. “System manuals” refer to connectivity because the machines are specifically designed to be connected to transmit the unofficial results and to be connected for other functions – this is not proof they were connected during tabulation. “Unsecured and illegal ballot boxes” refers to the transporting of absentee ballots to the counting board in postal trays. Sealed ballots have never been considered to need to be in a secured and approved container because the envelops are still sealed. The Committee recommends this practice be made more secure with manifests and a record of custody, but it is wrong to accuse anyone of violating the law that was written to address open ballots, not those in sealed envelopes.

13: Audits

The demand for audits regarding the election began soon after the November election and has continued until now. Several entities have undertaken to conduct audits, sometimes referring to their efforts as “forensic audits.” One of these is detailed earlier in this report, particularly in Finding 5. Several lawsuits regarding audits have been filed.

Much has been made by several persons that the hand recount in Antrim County was not truly an audit. This is, and was, admitted by the secretary  of state’s office as true in that it was not a precinct audit, but a risk-limiting audit with a risk limit of zero, because all of the ballots were recounted and not just a sample. 

However, the actual, mandated audit detailed below was eventually conducted in Antrim County as it was in all Michigan counties. [Emphasis Mine]

The Committee concludes these audits are far from the worthless exercises they have been castigated as being. Many of those criticizing them are misleading concerned citizens to believe the only audit done is the “risk limiting audit.” The risk limiting audit is also performed on top of the major, statewide county audit detailed above. Its purpose is to perform an additional spot check on the accuracy and function of the tabulators, but it is not the main audit done. [Emphasis Committee]  

Conclusion

The Committee can confidently assert that it has been thorough in examination of numerous allegations of unlawful actions, improper procedures, fraud, vote theft, or any other description which would cause citizens to doubt the integrity of Michigan’s 2020 election results. Our clear finding is that citizens should be confident the results represent the true results of the ballots cast by the people of Michigan. [Emphasis Mine]

Trump Lost Michigan! By a Lot

What follows below are my comments. 

I am grateful for the detailed investigation by the state of Michigan into allegations, many of which were purposely fraudulent. 

In point 5, the committee went out of its way to name those most guilty of partisan fearmongering, the likes of which are unprecedented.

Poisoned Atmosphere

As noted above a Gallup Survey found as much as 59% of voters no longer trust our elections.

People like Rudy Giuliani, Sidney Powell, and Mike Lindell poisoned the atmosphere, on purpose. 

Today we see Dominion subpoenas Rudy Giuliani, Sidney Powell, and Mike Lindell in its $1.6 billion lawsuit against Fox News.

I have not see the lawsuit, but it seems to me it is individuals who made the absurd claims, not Fox News. 

Note that Dominion gave those individuals a warning and a chance to retract statements before filing lawsuits. 

Of those three, Mr. Lindell was specifically cited by the Committee regarding his preposterous claims that attacks by foreign and domestic enemies were successful in obtaining access to Michigan computers containing results at local and county clerks’ offices, as well as the secretary of state.

Rudy Giuliani License Suspended

On June 24, Trump's personal lawyer, Rudy Giuliani had his License Suspended in New York over these issues.

Rudolph W. Giuliani, a former top federal prosecutor, New York City mayor and lawyer to a president, faces the possibility of disbarment after a New York court ruled on Thursday that he made “demonstrably false and misleading statements” while fighting the results of the 2020 election on behalf of Donald J. Trump.

The New York State appellate court temporarily suspended Mr. Giuliani’s law license on the recommendation of a disciplinary committee after finding he had sought to mislead judges, lawmakers and the public as he helped shepherd Mr. Trump’s legal challenge to the election results. For months, Mr. Giuliani, who served as Mr. Trump’s personal lawyer, had argued without merit that the vote had been rife with fraud and that voting machines had been rigged.

People Believe What They Want

"The Committee finds such actions to be misleading and irresponsible, diminishing the overall credibility of those asserting this conclusion."

It would behoove states to put out a comprehensive report like Michigan's that addresses all of the lies and innuendo at one time and in one place.

Georgia mostly did, but in piecemeal fashion. As item after item was debunked in Georgia, by the time the debunking was done piecemeal, old debunked charges resurfaced. 

Unfortunately, people believe what they want. This report will not change a thing.

This is how a "photo of a WXYZ-TV photographer hauling his equipment," becomes a late night ballot dump. It's how people believe amazing foreign tampering by Dominion. It's why people still believe a the turnout in Zealand County was 460% of registered voters. 

People Lie, Especially Politicians and Their Backers

"I Won Big" was one of the biggest lies ever. Alternatively, it was absurdly delusional. Perhaps it was a combination. Take your pick.

Lies by politicians and their supporters are nothing new. But the 2020 election took this to new extremes.

Michigan State Senator Ed McBroom, a Republican, spent 8 months searching for election fraud. Instead, he uncovered a pack of lies.

"The Committee strongly recommends citizens use a critical eye and ear toward those who have pushed demonstrably false theories for their own personal gain," said McBroom in the conclusion.

But Trump says he "Won Big" so his true believers will never believe anything else.

Mish