PMI Contracts For the First Time Since Oct 2013


The PMI dipped into contraction for the first time over 6 years in this morning's report from Markit.

Markit reports Output Contracts for the First Time Since October 2013.

Key Findings

  • Flash U.S. Composite Output Index at 49.6 (53.3 in January). 76-month low.
  • Flash U.S. Services Business Activity Index at 49.4 (53.4 in January). 76-month low.
  • Flash U.S. Manufacturing PMI at 50.8 (51.9 in January). 6-month low.
  • Flash U.S. Manufacturing Output Index at 50.6 (52.4 in January). 7-month low.
    Adjusted for seasonal factors, the IHS Markit Flash U.S. Composite PMI Output Index posted 49.6 in February, down from 53.3 in the opening month of 2020. Although only fractional, the decrease in business activity brought to an end a near-four year sequence of expansion following a contraction in service sector output and a slower rise in manufacturing production amid supplier delays following the outbreak of coronavirus.
    New orders received by private sector firms fell for the first time since data collection began in October 2009.
    Inflationary pressures softened in February. The rate of increase in cost burdens eased to the slowest since last October amid reports of lower demand for inputs. As a result, private sector companies raised their output charges at the softest pace for three months.

Chris Williamson, Chief Business Economist Comments

  1. “With the exception of the government-shutdown of 2013, US business activity contracted for the first time since the global financial crisis in February. Weakness was primarily seen in the service sector, where the first drop in activity for four years was reported, but manufacturing production also ground almost to a halt due to a near-stalling of orders.”
  2. Total new orders fell for the first time in over a decade. The deterioration in was in part linked to the coronavirus outbreak, manifesting itself in weakened demand across sectors such as travel and tourism, as well as via falling exports and supply chain disruptions. However, companies also reported increased caution in respect to spending due to worries about a wider economic slowdown and uncertainty ahead of the presidential election later this year.”
  3. The survey data are consistent with GDP growth slowing from just above 2% in January to a crawl of just 0.6% in February. However, the February survey also saw a notable upturn in business sentiment about the year ahead, reflecting widespread optimism that the current slowdown will prove short-lived.”

Yesterday I commented Record Low 30-Year Bond Yield and Record High on Gold Coming Up

And here we are. The 30-year long bond hit a new record low yield this morning of 1.896%.

Gold is up $29 to $1649.

As noted previously, there is Little Chance of Coronavirus Containment in South Korea.

And in China, Half the Population of China, 760 Million, Now Locked Down

From an economic standpoint, January saw the Largest Shipping Decline Since 2009 and That's Before Coronavirus impact hit.

I expect a surprise rate cut at some point. This combination adds fuel for a further rise in the prices of gold.

In case you missed it, Gold at Record High in Euros. A record high in US dollars is also coming up.

Mike "Mish" Shedlock

Comments (22)
No. 1-9

Imagine what happens in the services sectors when a big segment of the people no longer go out to eat or drink, no longer go out to see movies, no longer travel for pleasure or business, avoid public transportation options (including ride-sharing), avoid shopping, avoid any event with large audiences, etc, etc. Good for netflix and other streaming/broadcast services--bad for most of the rest of the economy.

Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett

“The survey data are consistent with GDP growth slowing from just above 2% in January to a crawl of just 0.6% in February. "


January benefited from being warm. February has been more of the same (probably not quite as nice. I live in a mid Atlantic state and haven't seen a snowflake in over a month). Nice weather + seasonal adjustments = masking of true picture.


The hit reported is in the manufacturing end of things, but we are told that that end of the economy really doesn't matter any more...

...but in the much vaunted "service" economy of the US, what is the hit when travel is self-restricted (or government-restricted)? What happens when far fewer eat out, attend events with others, do as little shopping as necessary?


6 more people in Italy, hundreds more people in Iran, yet if you go to a live feed at @jcheethamwriter and watch the live feed from a Thai tourist bar area you will see no protective gear or apparent precautions, and as as he says, they will all be coming back to a city near you.


Mish: "I expect a surprise rate cut at some point."

I know easy monetary policy is apparently the modern cure for everything, but I do not understand how a surprise rate cut is going to help as long as the virus is in play. What exactly will that do other than push consumer inflation higher and kill the dollar? When business supply chains are FUBAR, is taking real rates even more negative for the next several months going to help sell more product or service existing debt? I imagine not.


Headline at CNBC: Larry Kudlow says falling bond yields don’t reflect the US economy’s fundamentals

Right because as we all know bond investors are among the most generous people in the world, happily overpaying for every bond they buy!


Time to shut the gates (if it's not too late already) and impose quarantine on all who want to return. If you're outside you made an unfortunate choice by travelling now. China, Japan, Korea, Iran, Italy--seems to me that meets the PANDEMIC definition.

New study release in London today says that perhaps 2/3 of transmitted cases outside of China have yet to come to light.


Pray tell was there a recession in 2013 when PMI contracted then ?


What has been keeping the economies afloat for many years, the service sector, will be the first sector to implode in case most countries have to apply real containment measures to stem the virus, like China is doing now.
We now know that ten of thousands of virus (mostly non symptomatic) bearers and spreaders have travelled out and in and out China for some weeks before these containment measures started to be applied forcefully. The resulting silent infection in Iran is an example .
Should containment measures not be enforced carefully (like in the case of Cruise vessel, Chinese prisons, Iran, …) then the world pandemic will be the outcome together with a general economic collapse.
There seems to be at this stage (no way to kill properly the virus so far) no positive short term outcome for the world economy in general whichever scenario you choose...

Global Economics